Religious Nashik is an important city of India, as written in Epic Ramayan, Ram-Seeta-Laxman lived here when they were in exile. That’s why Nashik became a holy place.
Since the Stone Age and it was given different names.
1) Nashik:- Lakshmana, Lord Rama’s brother had cut off the nose of Surpanakha here hence this place was named Nashik.
2) Nava Shikha:- Because, Nashik is the combination of nine summits.
3) Trikantak: This name to the Nashik had given in Krita Yuga
4) Janasthana: This name of Nashik was in Dvapara Yuga.
5) Gulshanabad: This name of Nashik was given by the Moguls in 1487 A.D.
According to Hindu mythology, it’s said that, Lord Ram, his wife Godess Seeta, and his brother Lord Laxmana had spent their lives 14 years at the “Tapovan”. Agastya sage was living on the banks of river “Godavari”. He was the first sage who crossed the Vindhya Mountains, Other sages followed him and there became a cloister of hermitages called “Janasthana” on the river bank. When Lord Rama, Lakshmana and Seeta met sage Agastya, he asked them to settle down at Panchavati which was at the edge of Dandakaranya forest. Lord Ram also presented a bow and two quivers so that he could fight off the demons. Panchvati is also the place from where Ravana had abducted Seeta and taken her to Lanka. Since then, Nashik is considered as one of the most holy cities in India and millions of people come here to take a dip in the holy water of river Godavari to remit their sins. It is also one of the five cities in India that hosts the Kumbh Mela every 12 years. Nashik has also found a reference in works of renowned poets like Kalidas, Valmiki and Bhavabhooti.
In 150 B.C Nashik was the country’s largest market place, at that time under the Moguls rule Nasik was named as ‘Gulshanabad’. Later this place came under the Peshwa rule and regained its original name. Raghobadada Peshwa and his wife Anandibai resided here at ‘Anandvalli’. Nashik flourished under the rule of Maratha’s but in the 19th century British started ruling here. In 1818 during the British era, the beauty of Nashik fascinated the British and they developed it in various fields. The Gulf course that was built here by the British was one of the largest across Asia in those times.
There are many forts in and around Nashik like Trimbakeshwar which is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas,
Ramkund where Lord Rama bathed during his exile,
Shirdi which is divine place of sage Sai baba
And forts like Mulher, Ratangad, Harihargad and Ramshej fort.
Nashik is one of the four cities that host the massive Kumbh Mela once in 12 years which has increased the religious significance of Nashik.
North south length of Nashik District is 120 Kilometers and East West length is 200 Kilometers. There are 7 sugar factories and one cotton mill in Nashik.